Canadian gun storage laws
The Federal Firearms Act of 1995 includes rules for the storage of guns in Canada. Canadian law classifies guns in three separate categories: non-restricted, which includes most common long guns such as rifles and shotguns; restricted, which includes handguns and semi-automatic rifles and shotguns; and prohibited, which includes fully automatic guns, handguns with a barrels shorter than 4.1 inches and long guns which have had their barrel lengths shortened.
Storage of Firearms for Individuals
For the storage of all non-restricted, restricted and prohibited firearms, the gun must be unloaded and not readily accessible to ammunition. Ammunition can be stored with the gun only if the ammunition is in a separate, secure and locked container. Non-restricted firearms do need to be locked in a container or room unless they have been made inoperable with a locking device or by removing the bolt or bolt carrier. Restricted and prohibited firearms must be locked in a container or room and made inoperable with a locking device, and fully automatic guns must have their bolts removed and stored in a separate, secure location. If you are using a room, safe or vault that has been specifically designed for the storage of guns, you do not need to make the stored guns inoperable.
Storage of Firearms for Businesses
The rules for the storage of guns at a business are the same for non-restricted, restricted and prohibited firearms, though the only prohibited firearms that businesses can have on premises are handguns. All guns must be unloaded and stored in a locked cabinet, safe, other secure location or stored in a location to which only employees of the business have access. In addition, the business must have a functioning electronic burglar alarm and all doors and windows must have secure locks.
Display of Firearms
Owners can display non-restricted firearms if the guns are unloaded, not readily accessible to ammunition and made inoperable with a locking mechanism. The locking mechanism is not necessary for non-restricted firearms if the display is a locked container that can not be easily broken into. Restricted and prohibited firearms have the same rules as non-restricted firearms, but they must have a locking mechanism and be securely attached to the non-portable location, such as a wall, where they are displayed so that they can not be easily removed. Fully automatic firearms must have their bolts or bolt carriers removed and stored in separate location.