You must have a license to possess firearms in Canada.
Under the Firearms Act, Canadian residents and visitors must obtain a firearms license for any gun they wish to hold. Apply for the license that fits the class of weapon you have in your possession or that you would like to acquire. Guns can be part of one of three firearms classes: non-restricted, restricted and prohibited. You must possess the proper license for each kind of gun you own.
1. Call the Ontario Firearms Office at 1-800-731-4000 and dial extension 7503 to find out where your nearest Canadian Firearms Safety Course instructor is located. Instructors schedule their own courses and assign their own fees. Likewise, you can contact FSESO (Firearms Safety Education Service of Ontario) at 1-800-731-4000, extension 7542.
2. Sign up and participate in the Canadian Firearms Safety Course and take the exam at the end. If you are already experienced with firearms, you might want to “challenge” by taking and passing the test without taking the course. If you are under 18, this is not an option.
3. Complete the Canadian Restricted Firearm Safety Course and pass the associated exam if you want to register for a Restricted Firearms License instead of the Non-restricted Firearms License.
4. Download and completely fill out the four page Possession and Acquisition License (PAL) form located at the Firearms Safety and Education Service of Ontario website.
5. Find two friends, family members or colleagues who have known you for more than three years to fill out and sign the “References” section of the licensing form.
6. Attach a 45mm by 57mm photograph of your head and shoulders, signed and dated by a photo guarantor who has known you for at least one year, in the space provided in the application.
7. Write a check made out to the “Receiver General of Canada” for the current fees specified at the Royal Canadian Mounted Police website.
8. Make a photocopy of your Canadian Firearms Safety Course Report to attach with your application.
9. Sign the application and submit it to the Central Processing Site. The address is on the front page of the application form and instructions that you have downloaded.